Minggu, 31 Mei 2009


News Item
News item is factual text which informs the reader about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important

Social function of news item is : to inform readers, listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important

- Generic Structure
 Newsworthy event (s) : recount the event in summary form
 Background Event (s) : elaborate what happened, to WHOM, in WHAT circumstances
 Sources : comment by participants in, withesses to and authorities to and authorities expert on the event 

- Signification grammar features :
 Short, telegraphic information about story captured in headline
 Generally using simple past tense
 Use of material processes to retell the event
 Using action verbs , (,) : were, run, go, kill, etc
 Using saying verbs , (.) : say, tell
 Focus on circumstances
 Use of projecting verbal processes in sources stages

There are some rules that can help to make newspaper headlines more comprehensible
1. The passive voice is used with out the approprianto form of “be”
2. It is unusually to find complex forms, generally the simple present form is used
3. The present progressive tense is used, usually to describe something that is changing orde ueloping, but the auxiliary verb is usually left out
4. To refer to the future, headlines often use the infinitive
5. Headlines are not always complete sentences

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